Females prefer men as mates with deeper pitched voices over men with higher pitched voices.
A couple points to keep in mind:
• Use active voice over passive voice: “We did this...” reads better than “This was done...”
• Correct grammar and spelling are important, so proofread!
- What patterns did you find? Write what were the major trends.
- No interpretations – Be concise!
- Use graphs (or tables) to represent findings [see Figures section below]
- Do NOT “throw out” or ignore results
- Do NOT present the same data in more than one way
- Do NOT present raw data. The reader should not be able to tell how each of the 100 people you surveyed answered your questions. Remember we care about the population as a whole.
- You can include the figures and/or tables in the Results section with the text or at the end of the document.
- Figures and tables need fully explanatory captions of what is being displayed: below for figures, above for tables.
- Numbering of figures and tables starts at 1 and continues in consecutive order, based on appearance of reference in your paper’s text
- Figures and tables have separate sets of numbering
- Only include figures/tables that you refer to in text – if you’re including a figure/table, you need to talk about it in your text.
- How to refer to a figure/table within the text: “X appears twice as often as Y (Figure 1).”
- NOT “See Figure 1.”, “Figure 1 shows something.”, etc.
Discussion: specific → general
- Start by addressing the original hypotheses: supported or
- Do NOT say “prove” – you cannot prove anything with one study.
- It is OK if your hypothesis was refuted. There is no point to conducting an experiment if we always expect to be right!
- Discuss the results, major findings, any anomalies…
- Provide biological explanation of all results. Use the literature to support your ideas.
- Discussion should tie back to introduction. Do not be afraid to revisit the topics you wrote about in your introduction.
- Problems with your study? How might these have affected the interpretation of the results? How might the study be improved?
- How do your results compare with other studies? What did
you do similarly/differently?
- Refer to the studies brought up in the introduction
- Assume your findings are just as valid as theirs
- What future research can be done? Why do your findings matter (big picture)?
- At least 2 journal articles are required in your citations.
- Reports with more citations tend to do much better.
- Only include citations here that are actually cited in your paper’s text.
- Citations should include:
Last name, first initial. Year published. Title of article. Journal title. Volume number: page numbers.
- When citing within the text of the report: “Female birds tend to prefer a male that has brightly colored feathers (Seamus 2009).”
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