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Foundations of Accounting I

Accounting Project


Written by:  Karen Pitsch



is a merchandising business.  Their account balances as of November 30, 2012 (unless otherwise indicated), are as follows:


          110     Cash                                                              $  73,920

          112     Accounts Receivable                                           34,250

          113     Allowance for Doubtful Accounts                          11,000

          115     Merchandise Inventory                                      123,900

          116     Prepaid Insurance                                                 3,750

          117     Store Supplies                                                       2,850

          123     Store Equipment                                               100,800

          124     Accumulated Depreciation-Store Equipment         20,160

          210     Accounts Payable                                                21,450

          211     Salaries Payable                                                          0

          218     Interest Payable                                                          0

          220     Note Payable (Due 2017)                                     15,000

          310     D. Williams, Capital (January 1, 2012)                  73,260

          311     D. Williams, Drawing                                            50,000

            312     Income Summary                                                        0

          410     Sales                                                                853,445

          411     Sales Returns and Allowances                             20,020

          412     Sales Discounts                                                  13,200

          510     Cost of Merchandise Sold                                  414,575

          520     Sales Salaries Expense                                       74,400

          521     Advertising Expense                                           18,000

          522     Depreciation Expense                                                  0

          523     Store Supplies Expense                                                0

          529     Miscellaneous Selling Expense                               2,800

          530     Office Salaries Expense                                       40,500

          531     Rent Expense                                                     18,600

          532     Insurance Expense                                                       0

          533     Bad Debt Expense                                                       0

          539     Miscellaneous Administrative Expense                    1,650

            550     Interest Expense                                                   1,100



David’s Entertainment uses the perpetual inventory system and the First-in, First-out costing method.  Transportation-in and purchase discounts should be added to the Inventory Control Sheet, but since this will complicate the computation of the First-in, First-out costing method, please ignore this step in the process.  They also use the Allowance Method for bad debt.


The Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable Subsidiary Ledgers along with the Inventory Control Sheet should be updated as each transaction affects them (daily).


 David’s Entertainment sells four types of television entertainment units.


The sale prices of each are:


TV A:  $3,500

TV B:  $5,250

TV C:  $6,125

PS D:  $9,000




During December, the last month of the accounting year, the following transactions were completed:


Dec.   1.   Issued check number 2632 for the December rent, $2,600.

3.     Purchased three TV C units on account from Prince Co., terms 2/10, n/30, FOB shipping point, $11,100.

4.     Issued check number 2633 to pay the transportation changes on purchase of December 3, $400.  (NOTE:  Do not include shipping and purchase discounts to the Inventory Control sheet for this project.)

6.     Sold four TV A and four TV B on account to Albert Co., invoice 891, terms 2/10, n/30, FOB shipping point.

10.   Sold two projector systems for cash.

11.   Purchased store supplies on account from Matt Co., terms n/30, $580.

13.   Issued check to Prince Co. number 2634 for the full amount due, less discount allowed.

14.   Issued credit memo for one TV A unit returned on sale of December 6. 

15.   Issued check number 2635 for advertising expense for last half of December, $1,500.

16.   Received cash from Albert Co. for the full amount due (less return of December 14 and discount).

19.  Issued check number 2636 to buy two TV C units, $7,600.

19.  Issued check number 2637 for $6,100 to Joseph Co. on account.

20.    Sold five TV C units on account to Cameron Co., invoice number

       892, terms 1/10, n/30, FOB shipping point. 

20.   For the convenience of the customer, issued check number 2638 for shipping charges on sale of December 20, $700.

21.   Received $12,250 cash from McKenzie Co. on account, no discount.

21.   Purchased three projector systems on account from Elisha Co., terms 1/10, n/30, FOB destination, $15,600.

24.  Received notification that Marie Co. has been granted bankruptcy with no

amount of recovery.  We are to write-off her amount due.  (Note: See page

402 for entry required.)

25.    Issued a debit memo for return of $5,200 because of a damaged projection

       system purchased on December 21, receiving credit from the seller.

26. Issued check number 2639 for refund of cash on sales made for cash, $600.   (Customer was going to return goods until an allowance was arranged.)

27. Issued check number 2640 for sales salaries of $1,750 and office

       salaries of $950.

28. Purchased store equipment on account from Matt Co., terms n/30, FOB

      destination, $1,200.

29. Issued check number 2641 for store supplies, $470.

30. Sold four TV C units on account to Randall Co., invoice number 893,

 terms 2/10, n/30, FOB shipping point.

30. Received cash from sale of December 20, less discount, plus transportation

       paid on December 20.  (Round calculations to the nearest dollar.)

30. Issued check number 2642 for purchase of December 21, less return

 of December 25 and discount.

30. Issued a debit memo for $300 of the purchase returned from

       December 28.







1.     Enter the balances of each of the accounts in the appropriate balance column of a four-column account (General Ledger).  Write Balance in the item section, and place a check mark (x) in the Post Reference column.

2.     Journalize the transactions in a sales journal, purchases journal, cash receipts journal, cash payments journal, or general journal as illustrated in chapter 7.  Also post to the Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable Subsidiary ledgers and Inventory Control Sheet as needed.

3.     Total each column on the special journals and prove the journal.

4.     Post the totals of the account named columns and individually post the “other” columns as well to the General Ledger.

5.     Prepare the Schedule of Accounts Receivable and the Schedule of Accounts Payable (their total amount must equal the amount in their controlling general ledger account).

6.      Prepare the unadjusted trial balance on the worksheet.

7.     Complete the worksheet for the year ended December 31, 2012, using the following adjustment data:

a.    Merchandise inventory on December 31                          $90,800

b.    Insurance expired during the year                                       1,250

c.    Store supplies on hand on December 31                                 975

d.    Depreciation for the current year needs to be calculated.  The business uses

                  the Straight-line method, the store equipment has a useful life of 10 years

                  with no salvage value.  (NOTE: the purchase and return will not be included

                  as the dates of the transactions were after the 15 thof the month).

e.    Accrued salaries on December 31:

                         Sales salaries                                   $1,400

                         Office salaries                                       760                2,160

f.   The note payable terms are at 8%, payment is not being made until Jan. 3, 2013.  Interest must be recognized for one month.

g.  Net realizable value of Accounts Receivable is determined to be $27,950.


8.  Prepare a multiple-step income statement, a statement of owner’s equity, and a

classified balance sheet in good form. (Recommend review of “Current Liabilities” on pages 166 & 167 and “Current Maturities of Long-term Debt” on page 480.)

9.  Journalize and post the adjusting entries.

10.    Journalize and post the closing entries.  Indicate closed accounts by inserting a line

in both balance columns opposite the closing entry.

11.    Prepare a post-closing trial balance.



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